Photo (above): Statue of Luis de León O.S.A., facing an entrance of the main building at the University of Salamanca, with its famed facade of carved stone.
The sixth volume of the edition of his complete works (published in 1806-1816) contains his prose writings in the vernacular, including "La perfecta casada" (The Perfect Housewife, written in 1583) and "De los nombres de Cristo" ("The Names of Christ"), also written in 1583.
In this latter work, Luis was sufficiently brave to denounce the excesses and lack of justice of the Inquisition.
Also in the sixth volume appeared a metrical version in Castilian Spanish of the Biblical Song of Songs, a work that was used in evidence against him in his trial by the Inquisition.
There are also his Spanish translations of the classical Latin works such as the Eclogues and Georgics of Virgil, and his version of thirty odes of Horace. There are also versions of forty psalms from the Bible.
Also included are a number of original odes by Luis de León, the most celebrated of which are: "The Prophecy of the Tagus", "The Life of the Fields", "The Serene Night", "Hymn on the Ascension" and "La perfecta casada" ("The Perfect Housewife"), which is one of the gems of sixteenth century Spanish pedagogical literature.
They considered to be an early model of quality Spanish prose,
His book Of the names of Christ (1583) is not only an investigation of the Scriptures but also a modern and deep study of the philosophy of language.
In the era of political correctness today, his thoughts on the role of women in his work of 1583, "La perfecta casada" (The Perfect Housewife), need to be considered within the cultural context of Spain in 1583, the year in which it was written.
(Continued on the next page.)