The first member of the Order of Saint Augustine to reach Australia arrived in 1838.
This happened after his chance meeting with the Vicar Apostolic of Australia on the steps of S. Maria del Popolo in Rome.
This Irish Augustinian, James Alypius Goold O.S.A., expressed interest in volunteering to minister in Australia.
Goold began ten years of ministry in Sydney, Australia, and then in 1848 became the first bishop of the Diocese of Melbourne.
Five other Irish Augustinians became bishops of Australian dioceses in the following hundred years.
The Australian Province was established in 1952, and presently conducts parishes in five areas, two schools that educate a total of 2,100 boys aged between 11 and 18 years, a Centre for Augustinian Spirituality, a formation centre, and chaplaincies to special ministries.
One Australian-born Augustinians serves in the Augustinian Delegation of Korea, which is part of the Province of Australia.
The Province of Australia maintains an active web site that explains its history, and provides a news bulletin.